|GSG 9 der Bundespolizei (English: federal police group 9) (GSG 9BPOL/GSG 9)|
|Date Founded||Founded on 6 September, 1972.|
|Key Statistics||Size: The precise number of operatives working within GSG 9 is classified, but the unit is believed to employ approximately 400 operatives, divided between 4 operational units.|
Funding: GSG 9 funding is drawn from the German Homeland Security Fund and the European Union. While GSG 9’s specific budget is unknown, the Federal police budget stood at EUR 18.5 million in 2021.
Diversity: There is no publicly available data on women in the GSG 9 unit, but female candidates are able to apply to all positions within the German Federal Police. In 2019, 35,000 young women and men applied for 3,000 positions in the force, many of whom have migrant backgrounds, etc.
|Regimental Remit||Specialism: GSG 9 specialises in counter-terrorism, hostage and kidnap liberation, extortion, and high-risk arrests. Where are they based – GSG 9 has its operational headquarters in Sankt Augustin, near Bonn. Plans are underway to establish a new branch near Berlin. |
Operating location(s) – domestic and international – Aside from domestic operations, GSG 9 is authorised under the German Federal Police Act (Paragraph 8(2)) to conduct rescue operations of German citizens abroad. It also serves to protect German missions in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, and Mali.
|Noteworthy Operations||Operation Magic Fire (German: Feuerzauber), Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 October, 1977 – GSG 9 operatives intervened in the hijacking of Lufthansa flight 181 by Palestinian terrorist organisation PFLP, safely rescuing all 86 passengers.|
Arrest of RAF terrorists Birgit Hogefeld and Wolfgang Grams, Bad Kleinen, Germany, 27 June, 1993.
Operation Desert Fox, Southern Egypt, August, 2008 – 150 GSG 9 operatives involved in the successful rescue of 5 German tourists, as well as 5 Italians, 8 Egyptians, and a Romanian.
Hansa Stavanger Hijacking, Coast of Somalia, 2009 – GSG 9 were deployed in a joint operation with the US Navy to rescue the crew of the Hansa Stavanger, a German cargo vessel captured by Somali pirates. The operation was called off at the last minute by US forces.
|Any Scandals||June 27, 1993 – A botched operation to arrest RAF terrorists Birgit Hogefeld and Wolfgang Grams led to a shootout in rural Germany. Grams, along with a GSG 9 operative. Witnesses reported that Grams was ‘executed’ at point blank range, apparently in retaliation for the killing of the GSG 9 operative. Two operatives were investigated over the incident, but were never charged. However, Germany’s Interior Minister and Chief Prosecutor lost their jobs.|
2005-2007 – Up to 30 elite German commandos were investigated for having trained Libyan police through a private firm run by a former GSG 9 operative. The officers were found to have worked for the firm during their deployment, allegedly for extra money. They were also accused of disclosing classified information to the Libyans.